Super Detailed Kitchen Cabinet Knowledge List
Nowadays, the kitchen is no longer a single family. The kitchen directly affects the owner’s home taste. As an important part of the home improvement process, creating a satisfactory kitchen has become a thing that the owner cares about. Only by knowing more about kitchen cabinets can we create a kitchen that is economical, practical and beautiful!
1.Cabinet material classification
The primary task of choosing a kitchen cabinet is to look at the materials, including cabinet materials, panel materials and countertop materials. It is necessary to choose materials reasonably according to the style of your home and the required functions.
2.Classification of kitchen cabinetpanel materials
In the classification of kitchen cabinet materials, there are mainly five categories: cabinets, cabinet doors, hardware, countertop marble, and electrical appliances. Among them, kitchen cabinet materials generally include: solid wood board, particle board, density board, moisture-proof board, etc.; door panels and cabinet door panels are mainly classified as: solid wood panels, blister panels, baking varnish panels, UV panels, double veneer panels, carbon light door panels, fine Steel door panels.
3.Advantages and disadvantages of kitchen cabinetpanel materials
Solid wood board: made of solid wood, good decorative effect, durable and beautiful, expensive, need frequent maintenance, high-end home decoration.
Fireproof board type: widely used, bright color, various edge-sealing styles, wear-resistant, high-temperature and scratch-resistant, easy to deform and bend, easy to degumming and cracking, suitable for ordinary households.
Molded board: rich in color, realistic wood grain, no cracking and no deformation, poor high temperature resistance, the theme can not be too long or it is easy to deform, suitable for household use that often takes care of the kitchen.
Baking paint board: bright color, easy to clean, high craftsmanship requirements, high scrap rate, fear of bumps, damage difficult to repair, suitable for carefully maintained kitchens.
Crystal plate: bright surface, reasonable price, poor wear resistance, scratch resistance, etc., it will change color when heated for a long time. It is not an ideal material for cabinet door panels.
The five different kitchen cabinet panels have their own advantages and disadvantages. Consumers need to pay attention to the various characteristics when purchasing, and choose materials that suit their actual home conditions.
4.Classification of countertop materials
In the cabinet structure, the most intimate contact with our imported food is the countertop. The durability and antibacterial properties of countertop directly affect our daily lives, and more and more consumers are beginning to pay attention to the environmental protection and hygiene issues of countertop. The countertop of kitchen cabinets can be divided into artificial stone countertop, refractory countertop, stainless steel countertop and marble countertop.
5.Advantages and disadvantages of countertop materials
Artificial stone countertop: It is made of stone powder and artificial fiber through high temperature and high pressure. It is colorful and has no pores on the surface. It has strong stain resistance, acid resistance, corrosion resistance and abrasion resistance. It is easy to clean and the price is high.
Refractory board countertop: The base material is MDF, and the finish is fire-retardant board. Bright and diverse colors, fire-proof, moisture-proof, oil-proof, acid-base, high-temperature resistance, easy to clean and easy to be corroded by water and moisture, improper use will degumming and deformation.
Stainless steel countertop: Stainless steel is durable and easy to clean. It is practical and has few changes. The style is limited. Improper corner handling can hurt people.
Marble: Marble has hard texture, scratch resistance, good abrasion resistance, beautiful texture, easy to accumulate grease, cracks are easy to breed bacteria, and cracks are easy to appear.
The countertop of the four materials have their own points. According to the different materials, the prices are also obviously different. It is the most shrewd to choose materials according to the actual situation.
Second, there are differences in different shapes of cabinets
When choosing cabinets, you should look at the layout. Not all kitchens can choose the same kind of cabinets. Generally, there are several types of cabinets, such as flat-shaped, L-shaped, U-shaped and island-shaped cabinets. When choosing kitchen cabinets, the owner should have a certain understanding of the applicable space of various cabinets, so that they can buy the desired cabinets.
The one-shaped cabinet is to place all the electrical appliances and cabinets along a wall, and the work is carried out in a straight line. This compact and effective narrow kitchen design is suitable for small and medium-sized families or houses where only one person works in the kitchen at the same time. If you use this design in a large kitchen, it may cause too much distance between different functions. You can consider using double-row wall cabinets or adding wall-mounted high cabinets to maximize the use of wall space.
The L-shaped kitchen is a practical kitchen design and the most common kitchen design, ideal for small spaces. By dividing the working area between two connected walls in this way, an ideal working triangle can be obtained. Stoves, sinks, disinfection cabinets, and refrigerators are provided with operating surfaces between each workstation to prevent spills and crowded objects.
The U-shaped kitchen is convenient for accessing every item, and can make the most of the space for cooking and storage. Two people can work easily in the kitchen at the same time. But U-shaped kitchens are only suitable for kitchens with large spaces. Avoid crossing the operating surfaces so that two people can work comfortably at the same time without colliding. There must be a distance of at least 120cm between two rows of opposed cabinets to ensure sufficient space.
The island-shaped kitchen has more work surfaces and storage space, which is convenient for multiple people to work in the kitchen at the same time. If necessary, a sink or oven/stove can also be installed on the kitchen island. Before deciding, check whether it is possible to connect the pipes, circuits and ventilation pipes of the kitchen island range hood, and ensure that there is a work surface between the stove and the sink. This design requires a lot of kitchen space. There must be at least 120cm between the kitchen cabinet and the kitchen island to ensure that there is enough space for walking and opening the cabinet doors and drawers. The kitchen island can also be used as a serving, bar table or room divider.
Three, choose kitchen cabinets to look at the size
When choosing a kitchen cabinet, in addition to looking at the material and style, you must also look at the size. Generally, the size of the kitchen cabinet is specified, but if you have special needs, you can ask the cabinet business to order a special size kitchen cabinet.
1.The most reasonable size of the kitchen cabinet
The most basic concept of kitchen design is the “triangular working space”, so the sink, refrigerator and stove should be placed in appropriate locations, and the ideal shape is a triangle. At the beginning of the design work, the ideal approach is to use your daily “cooking program” as the basis for the design.
The layout of the kitchen is arranged along the operation process of food storage and preparation, cleaning and cooking, and should form a triangle along the three main equipment: stove, refrigerator and sink. In the terminology of architectural design, this is called the design triangle, because these three functions usually have to cooperate with each other, so the most suitable distance should be placed to save time and effort.
2.The height of the kitchen cabinetdepends on the size
The height of the workbench is set according to the height of the human body. The height of the kitchen cabinet is suitable for the height of the person who uses the kitchen most often. The height of the countertop is 80-85 cm; the distance between the working countertop and the bottom of the wall cabinet should be about 50-60 cm; and the height of the stovetop of the double-burner stove should not exceed 60 cm.
Kitchen countertop should be designed with different heights according to different work areas as much as possible. And some countertop are better if they are lower. If you like to make pastry, the operating table that is commonly used to make pastry can reduce the height by 10 cm. However, the design of kitchen cabinets should not be too pursued for changes in height, especially in a small kitchen, too much change will affect the overall appearance.
3.Ask about the size of the wall cabinet
The depth range of the wall cabinet is 30-40 cm, and the door handle of the wall cabinet door should be convenient to the height of the most frequent users, and the convenient place for storing and storing is best used for placing common supplies. The wall cabinets in early kitchens were mostly adapted to the height of the kitchen ceiling, which often caused inconvenience to users. Today’s kitchens
Regardless of the height of the kitchen, the design is completely customized according to the height of the user, which is truly “people-oriented” modernization.
4.The width and distance are exquisite
There should be a passage space between the edge of the kitchen cabinet and the wall or the measuring kitchen cabinet . It is reasonable to adjust the distance to 76-91 cm, so that the user will not be too close or too far when picking and placing food, and it will not appear when turning around. Too cramped. The location of the pool may be regulated by drainage pipes, plumbing fixtures, etc. For convenience, effective use of space, and reduction of reciprocation, it is recommended to store vegetable boxes, knives, detergents, etc., centered on the sink, and leave enough space on both sides of the stove to facilitate the placement of pots, shovel, plates, and plates. , Bowls and other utensils.
In addition, keep a certain distance between the sink and the stove, usually 8-10 cm, so that you can easily cook immediately after washing vegetables, etc.
Fourth, the kitchen cabinet quality inspection method
The quality of the kitchen cabinets requires the purchaser to go to the site to see or check by hand. Through some small steps and small actions, it will be seen whether there is a problem with the quality of the kitchen cabinet.
1.Choose the kitchen cabinets to see the workmanship
The workmanship of the kitchen cabinet mainly depends on whether there is any small chipping in the plate cutting material, which can reflect whether the cutting saw is imported, and the quality; such as whether the edge band is glued tightly, and the trimming is smooth and round, which can reflect whether there is an imported seal. Edge machine, whether there is automatic tracking trimming function; such as whether the hinge opening is smooth and flat, this can reflect whether there is a hinge machine, such as whether the door panel, drawer opening and closing is light and smooth, which reflects the quality of the hinge and track, such as the flatness of the plate , The smoothness of the countertop, etc.
2.Check the tightness
The kitchen cabinet edge sealing process is very important. Imported edge banding machine must be used and imported hot melt glue must be used to seal the board. The editor reminds everyone that the correct method of side panel edge sealing is to seal all four sides of the side panel, and the thickness of the side panel is more than 1 mm.
3.Look at the door hinge
The most test of kitchen cabinets is the hinge. It must not only connect the kitchen cabinet and the door panel accurately, but also bear the weight of the door panel alone, and must maintain the consistency of the door arrangement, otherwise, after a period of time, it may be closed forward and backward, slipping shoulders and falling corners. In the design of the entire drawer, the most important accessory is the sliding rail. Due to the special environment of the kitchen, even if the low-quality sliding rail feels good in the short term, it will be difficult to push and pull after a longer time. Well-known brand cabinet manufacturers generally use better quality slide rails.
4.Choose kitchen cabinets to see materials
The price composition of kitchen cabinets is more complicated. The materials, countertop, and hardware of the kitchen cabinets are different, and the price gap is also large. Therefore, it is necessary to understand some necessary cabinet knowledge. Different materials affect the use and durability of the kitchen cabinet as a whole, so the materials of the kitchen cabinet should be carefully selected for your own use.
5.Look at the after-sales service
As a customized industry with natural materials as the main material, the kitchen cabinet industry has its own characteristics as well as special sales and service processes in sales. The sales of kitchen cabinet products are more flexible and the service cycle is longer. Product services have become one of the important factors influencing consumers’ purchasing decisions.